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4-6-0 "Ten-Wheeler" Steam Locomotive

The Ten-wheeler was a steam locomotive design that helped to displace the ubiquitous American Type 4-4-0 (a steam locomotive that was used for every type of service imaginable due to its flexibility and reliability). The Ten-wheeler is perhaps the only steam locomotive type to derive its name simply from the number of wheels it carries, ten, with a 4-6-0 arrangement. The 4-6-0 wheel arrangement was developed as early as the late 1840s first appearing on the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad in 1847.

The creation of the 4-6-0 came about because of a need to increase adhesion, thus, of course, allowing a single locomotive to haul heavier loads. Essentially an American design (of the 4-4-0 wheel arrangement), the Ten-wheeler's extra axle allowed for this increase in tractive effort and for one of the first times in the railroad industry's short history, it now had a specialized locomotive that could be used for specific purposes, in this case hauling freight and passengers over steep grades.

Throughout its life the Ten-wheeler design also found use in all types of service from moving fast passenger trains to heavy freights in mountainous territory. With the development of the heavier Consolidation Type, a 2-8-0 design, most railroads bumped their 4-6-0s to passenger-only status and/or light freight duty. Still, production on the 4-6-0 wheel arrangement lasted throughout the latter half of the 19th century and when production ended on Ten-wheelers, well over 17,000 units had been built!

Ten Weeler Loco CWR #5

There were a number of 4-6-0's in service with the CWR although none was ever solely engaged in passenger service. Their ability to climb relatively steep grades (3%) with a load was a major factor in their popularity. The pictures we have located of CWR's 4-6-0's are shown at right.

Click picture right to see photo gallery
of all the 4-6-0 "Ten Wheelers"

A club member’s model Ten Wheeler

 

Club members have eight ten-wheelers some of which closely resemble the prototypes in the gallery above. Of the eight two are live steam. Experience has showed us that these locos prefer at least eight foot diameter curves.

 

Click picture left to see photo gallery of one of our model "Ten Wheelers"

Ten Weeler Loco CWR #5 Ten Weeler Loco CWR #5 Ten Weeler Loco CWR #7 Ten Weeler Loco CWR #8 Ten Weeler Loco CWR #38 A club member’s model Ten Wheeler A club member’s model Ten Wheeler A club member’s model Ten Wheeler Ten Weeler Loco CWR #8 A club member’s model Ten Wheeler Ten Weeler Loco CWR #8 A club member’s model Ten Wheeler