(jack screws cont.)

On the outside of the gear frame was a notched dog,that could lock the jack, so that you could leave it with any amount of weight on it for an indefinite period of time.

Just above the handle was an important safety device. This was a pin with not¬ches. In case the logger slipped or accidentally let go of the handle, the pin fell into the notch and prevented the handle from flying around uncontrolled. A flying handle could cut a man in two, or severely injure him, to say the least.

Jack screws were used in all phases of logging. When logs were unloaded at the landing there would be two men, each with a jack screw. When a leg was to be moved into the dump, a jack screw would be placed beside the log, the log quickly raised, and then the second man would place his jack screw and continue to assist the log in moving. The two men working alternately, would quickly move the log any place that they wished the log to go. This was the general method for using a jack screw. When the oxen was pulling a load and a log was fouled in any way, a jack screw or two would be used by the suglar, assisted by one or both water slingers, if necessary.

Jack screw in Rockport

[There were no pictures in the original. This picture (right) of a jack screw was taken near Rockport.
The picture below, shows jack screws being used.]

jack screw in use

GLUTS

These were made of seasoned live oak, shaped like a wedge, slightly higher in the middle, than at either edge, about eighteen to thirty inches in length, These were generally used by tie makers, but could be used in emergencies to raise a log, if it were caught on the skid road.

FITH CHAIN

This chain had a hook on each end, which was hooked into the ring under the center of the lead yoke and was then passed back and hooked into the ring of the second yoke and so on for each yoke so that they worked as one team.

SWAMPER

[A person who] built roads and cut brush to clear the way to get logs down to the skid road.

SNATCH BLOCK

This was an all steel frame with a pulley and hook. When a logger wanted to use it, he bent the hook over and that uncoupled the side and he could throw his line out in just a few seconds. It was used in many ways. If a log got off the side of the road, and the logger had a Molly Hogan in his boat, he threw it over a stump and at¬tached his block to the Molly Hogan. With a short piece of cable, with an eye in one end and a hook in the other, the log could easily be pulled back on the road. These were also used on logging locomotives, to put cars back on the track, or to reload a log.

MOLLY HOGAN

This was an endless piece of cable (about three-fourths or seven-eights of an inch cable) that you could throw over any stump. It was of no value in working with trees, because you couldn't get it over a tree.

BULL WHEEL

The Bull wheel was used like a capstan, in early logging days. It had [an] iron bottom. One place it was used was Mill Creek at Dixon Flat. First the bulls pulled the wheel around (later horses were used). The wheel was bolted to a stump that had been sawed off even with the ground--fastened or chained to another stump. The oxen (or later horses) had to step over the chain, also over the brace of chains. As the wheel turned, the log was pulled out of the gulch or off the hill. It was used where it was muddy or where they didn't want to make a skid road for a small layout. The bulls went around with the wheel winding the ropes and pulling in logs.

BECKET

A hook on the end of a line.